AskDefine | Define most

Dictionary Definition

most adj
1 (superlative of `many' used with count nouns and often preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number; "who has the most apples?"; "most people like eggs"; "most fishes have fins" [syn: most(a)] [ant: fewest(a)]
2 the superlative of `much' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning the greatest in amount or extent or degree; "made the most money he could"; "what attracts the most attention?"; "made the most of a bad deal" [syn: most(a)] [ant: least(a)] adv
1 used to form the superlative; "the king cobra is the most dangerous snake" [syn: to the highest degree] [ant: least]
2 very; "a most welcome relief"
3 (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; `near' is sometimes used informally for `nearly' and `most' is sometimes used informally for `almost'; "the job is (just) about done"; "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"; "we're almost finished"; "the car all but ran her down"; "he nearly fainted"; "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"; "the recording is well-nigh perfect"; "virtually all the parties signed the contract"; "I was near exhausted by the run"; "most everyone agrees" [syn: about, just about, almost, all but, nearly, near, nigh, virtually, well-nigh]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Old English mǣst, from Germanic. Cognate with Dutch meest, German meist, Swedish mest.

Pronunciation

Determiner

(much, more)
  1. the superlative of much
    Most people like chocolate.
    Most simply choose to ignore it.
    Most want the best for their children.

Synonyms

  • almost all

Translations

majority of

Adverb

  1. superlative of many
  2. superlative of much
  3. (With a definite article) Forms the superlative of many adjectives.
    This is the most important example.
  4. To a great extent or degree; highly.
    This is a most unusual specimen.

Antonyms

Translations

adverb forming superlative
  • Chinese: (zuì)
  • French: le plus + m noun, la plus + f noun, les plus + plural noun
  • Italian: il più
  • Portuguese: o/a/os/as mais
  • Russian: самый (sámyj)
  • Slovene: najbolj
  • Spanish: el/la/lo más
  • Swedish: mest
highly

Related terms

Translations

Derived terms

Bosnian

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Noun

  1. bridge

Declension

Croatian

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Noun

  1. bridge

Declension

Czech

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Pronunciation

  • /most/

Noun

  1. bridge

Declension

Hungarian

Adverb

  1. now

Old High German

Etymology

From mustum.

Noun

  1. must

Polish

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Pronunciation

/mɔst/

Noun

  1. bridge

Declension

Serbian

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Noun

  1. bridge

Declension

Slovak

Etymology

From , from *|masta-.

Noun

  1. bridge

Derived terms

Slovene

Noun

  1. bridge (construction or natural feature that spans a divide)

Extensive Definition

Most (; ) is a city in the northwest of the Czech Republic, in the Ústí nad Labem Region. It is situated between the Czech Central Mountains and the Ore Mountains, approximately 77 km (48 miles) northwest of Prague along the Bílina River and southwest of Ústí nad Labem.

Etymology

The name Most means "bridge" in Czech. The town was named after the system of bridges over swamps which lay in this area in 10th century. The German name for Most is Brüx (derived from the German word for "bridge", Brücke).

History

The Latin Chronica Boemorum mentions a Slavic settlement below the Gnevin Castle called Gnevin Pons (Czech: Hněvínský most) in 1040. Through the swamps there led a merchant route from Prague to Freiberg. The network of wooden bridges was built to provide comfortable passages through this territory. Hneva from the Hrabisic dynasty established a military stronghold to protect caravans. Under this stronghold the village that would become Most developed.
In 1227 Kojata, the last of the Hrabisics, passed his property to the cloister of the Knights of the Cross. Since 1238 the royal town was owned by the Přemyslids and it became a rich city with many churches. The Bohemian kings Otakar II, John of Luxembourg, and Charles IV all granted Most city rights. In the 14th century, due to colonization, the city became predominantly German-populated and known as Brüx.
During the 15th and 16th centuries the city was hit by several fires. Ca. 1517, city reconstruction began the foundations of several significant facilities, including the new dean's church and the Renaissance city hall. In 1526 Brüx and Bohemia passed to the Habsburg Monarchy.
During the Thirty Years' War, the city was occupied by Swedish troops. Both in the early years and in the last years of the war it was captured by stratagem. In a similar manner the castle Hněvín was captured. After the Thirty Years' War, the city lost much of its economical and political significance.
Brüx became part of the Austrian Empire in 1806 and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1866. It was not until the second half of the 19th century that the emergence of industry and mining brought renewed importance to the city. In 1870 a railway line was built, heralding a population and building explosion (sugar works, porcelain factory, steel works, brewery, founding of city museum etc.). In 1895 the city was affected by quicksand that swallowed several houses, including some of their occupants. In 1900 the RICO plant for dressing material was constructed. In 1901, an electric street car line linked Brüx with Kopitz up to Johnsdorf. The most modern theatre of its time within Austria-Hungary was opened in Brüx in 1911. The construction of a unique dam at Kreuzweg from 1911 to 1914 solved the city's problem with the supply of drinking water.
As Most, the city became part of Czechoslovakia following World War I. The quick building activity continued into the 1930s. As part of the Sudetenland, Most was incorporated into Nazi Germany in 1938 according to the Munich Agreement, but was restored to Czechoslovakia in 1945 with the defeat of Germany in World War II. The German-speaking population of the city was subsequently expelled, mainly in 1946, and replaced with Czechs. The war brought to the city the destruction of housing estates under the castle Hněvín.
After 1964 the process of "moving" the city began. During the 1960s, Most's historic centre was completely destroyed to make room for the expanding lignite mines, a process that lasted until 1970. This process involved the destruction of many historic monuments, including a brewery dating from the 15th century and a theatre designed in 1910 by Alexander Graf, a Viennese architect who designed many theatres across Central Europe, including ones in Ostrau and Laibach. One building, however, was preserved: the Gothic Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, built between 1517 and 1594 and designed by Jakob Heilmann of Schweinfurt. In 28 days it was moved by train to the new town, 841 metres away, at the rate of roughly 30 metres per day. This building was mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records as the heaviest building ever moved on wheels.
Most became part of the Czech Republic in 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

Life in the town

As a redeveloped city Most does not have many historical sights, yet there are two important ones: Hněvín Castle and the Gothic Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary. On the other hand there are many amusement facilities which can be visited: planetarium, observatory, autodrome, aquadrome or hippodrome.
Most is known for its huge share of people living in panelaks. The decimated environment along with urban development has given the outskirts of the city a depressing feeling. Things are changing and in 2007 a number of new developments were planned and are now under construction in the centre of the City. Of note are some small residential housing projects along with a major new shopping centre right in the centre. On the other side the concentration of population in the flats enabled remarkable development of informational technologies. For example the cable television project functional in 1988 was something unusual in any other Czech city. Now many people have access to the broadband internet at prices well below average in the Czech Republic.
The new city is well-designed (wide streets, many parks in the center), especially the infrastructure and traffic situation is quite good in comparison with cities of similar size. The social situation of local people is bad. With the unemployment rate of nearly 25% (as of 2005) the locality is far the worst in the Czech Republic. This number is caused by huge workforce of aging unqualified miners. Also flat accommodation is quite cheap so it pushes more unemployed people from other regions to live there and raises this number. More recently, unemployment has been falling and goverment sources put the figure at around 15% in 2007.
Due to heavy social and European Union funding and the development of local business and industry, Most is beginning to recover.

Industry

Most is the heart of the northern Bohemian lignite-mining region and serves as an important industrial railway junction. Other industries in Most include textile, ceramics, steel, and chemicals.
During the second half of the 20th century Most turned into a dusty and dirty miner town and in the communist era it was said to be one of the darkest cities of Czechoslovakia.
The mining itself has a long tradition in the area. Extensive mining operations continued after the year 2000, but are completely under control of foreign companies. Many surrounding villages are planned to be abandoned due to surface mining.
Unsurprisingly, heavy industry has shaped the image and development of post-World War II Most.
As environmental conditions have improved in recent years, the growing of apples and grape vines has developed.

City districts

  • Vtelno used to be a village near Most. When the new city was built near it, Vtelno became an integral part of Most. It has a church, a historical Baroque manor, and many monoliths and sculptures that have been collected during the era of demolition of villages in the region (due to coal mining).

People

Neighboring cities and towns

Litvínov, Chomutov, Žatec, Louny, Teplice, Kadaň

Twin towns

Most is twinned with:

References

  • Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary, 3rd edition
most in Bulgarian: Мост (град)
most in Czech: Most (okres Most)
most in German: Most (Tschechien)
most in Esperanto: Most
most in French: Most
most in Upper Sorbian: Most (Čěska)
most in Dutch: Most (stad)
most in Japanese: モスト
most in Polish: Most (miasto w Czechach)
most in Russian: Мост (город)
most in Slovak: Most (mesto)
most in Finnish: Most
most in Tajik: Мост
most in Chinese: 莫斯特

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

A per se, a outrance, about, absolutely, ace, acme, all but, all out, almost, approximately, at the height, at the limit, authority, authorization, be-all and end-all, best, best part, better, better part, beyond all bounds, beyond compare, beyond comparison, beyond measure, blue ribbon, body, boss, bulk, champion, championship, chief, command, commander, completely, control, dead, dean, directorship, dominion, downright, effectiveness, egregiously, eminently, essence, essentially, exceedingly, extreme, extremely, far and away, far out, first place, first prize, first-class, first-rate, flat out, fugleman, fundamentally, furthest, generality, genius, gist, gravamen, greater, greatest, head, headship, hegemony, height, higher-up, highest, immeasurably, imperium, in the extreme, incalculably, incomparably, indefinitely, infinitely, influence, inimitably, jurisdiction, kingship, laureate, leader, leadership, lordship, main body, major part, majority, management, mass, master, mastership, mastery, maximal, maximum, meat, mightily, more than half, mortally, much, ne plus ultra, nearabout, new high, nigh, nonpareil, palms, par excellence, paragon, paramountcy, paramountly, perfectly, plurality, power, practically, preeminently, preponderance, preponderancy, presidency, primacy, principal, prodigy, prominently, purely, radical, radically, record, remarkably, rule, ruler, say, senior, sovereignty, star, substance, super, superior, superlative, superlatively, superman, superstar, supremacy, supreme, supremely, surpassingly, sway, the greatest, the greatest number, the most, thrust, tip-top, to crown all, too, too much, top, top dog, top spot, top-notch, topmost, totally, transcendently, ultra, ultra-ultra, unconditionally, unequivocally, uppermost, utmost, utterly, uttermost, virtuoso, way out, well-nigh, with a vengeance, zenith
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